For the latest news, publication alerts and debates. Social scientists should undertake not to interpret survey data relating to a country about which they know little or nothing.
If these problems go unresolved, they are likely to affect the quality of the results of the whole project, since the researcher runs the risk of losing control over the construction and analysis Comparative social research key variables.
The solution to the problem of defining the unit of observation may be to carry out research into specific organisational, structural fields or sectors and to look at subsocietal units rather than whole societies.
Their chosen theory is rational choice. Like cases are treated alike, and different cases are treated differently; the extent of difference determines how differently cases are to be treated.
Whatever the methods used, research that crosses national boundaries increasingly takes account of socio-cultural settings.
The co-ordinators then synthesise information on key themes and issues see for example, Ditch et al. This would tend to ensure cross-national collaboration in the interpretation as well as the design of comparative research. As a rule, the articles present two or more cases for comparison, be they nations, regions, organizations, or social units at different points of time.
Each volume is concentrated on a specific topic, mostly of substantive, but also of methodological character.
This reluctance may be explained not only by a lack of knowledge or Comparative social research of different cultures and languages but also by insufficient awareness of the research traditions and processes operating in different national contexts.
In ideal conditions, a project team manager will be able to select the countries to be included in the study and researchers with appropriate knowledge and expertise to undertake the work. Managing and funding cross-national projects The mix of countries selected in comparative studies affects the quality and comparability of the data as well as the nature of the collaboration between researchers.
Two key factors are space and time. The fact is that only certain subjects, and only certain aspects of those subjects, can successfully be measured cross-nationally. In some areas, national records may be non-existent or may not go back very far.
Comparative Social Research seeks well-written articles that place the current or historical data in context, critically review the literature of comparative studies, or provide new theoretical or methodological insights.
The problems of building and managing a research team can often be resolved only by a process of trial and error, and the quality of the contributions to multinational projects may be very uneven. A juxtaposition approach is often adopted at this stage: The problems of organising meetings which all participants in a project can attend, of negotiating a research agenda, of reaching agreement on approaches and definitions and of ensuring that they are observed are not to be underestimated.
Comparative social research will in this article focus on comparative survey research. Such projects may draw on several methods: Determining whether socioeconomic or political factors are more important in explaining government action is a familiar theme.
More recently, as greater emphasis has been placed on contextualisation, cross-national comparisons have served increasingly as a means of gaining a better understanding of different societies, their structures and institutions.
Data collection is strongly influenced by national conventions. Textbooks on this form of study were beginning to appear by the s, but its rise to extreme popularity began after World War II. For more details about Emerald's approach to Publication Ethics; please refer to the company guidelines.
Problems in cross-national comparative research The shift in orientation towards a more interpretative, culture-bound approach means that linguistic and cultural factors, together with differences in research traditions and administrative structures cannot be ignored. Concepts and research parameters Despite considerable progress in the development of large-scale harmonised international databases, such as Eurostat, which tend to give the impression that quantitative comparisons are unproblematic, attempts at cross-national comparisons are still too often rendered ineffectual by the lack of a common understanding of central concepts and the societal contexts within which phenomena are located.
The contributions to the seminars are published as Cross-National Research Papers and in an edited collection Hantrais and Mangen, Association simply means that between two variables; the change in one variable is related to the change in another variable. This is an illustration of how comparative-historical analysis uses cases and theories together.
Although defining a time span may appear to be a simple matter for a longitudinal study, innumerable problems can arise when national datasets are being used. Information Page Despite the growing awareness of globalization, the main bulk of empirical work in the social sciences remains within the frames of what Stein Rokkan termed "national empiricism".
Data collection is strongly influenced by national conventions. In many multinational studies, much time and effort is expended on trying to reduce classifications to a common base.
Some large-scale projects are intended to be explanatory from the outset and therefore focus on the degree of variability observed from one national sample to another. Difficulties[ edit ] There are several difficulties that historical comparative research faces. The method is often adopted when a smaller number of countries is involved and for more qualitative studies, where researchers are looking at a well-defined issue in two or more national contexts and are required to have intimate knowledge of all the countries under study.Comparative research is a research methodology in the social sciences that aims to make comparisons across different countries or cultures.
The term comparative method refers to a specific kind of comparison – the comparison of large macro-social units. The most cited papers from this title published in the last 3 years. Statistics are updated weekly using participating publisher data sourced exclusively from Crossref.
The Cross-National Research Group was established in with the aim of providing a forum for discussion and exchange of ideas and experience between researchers from different social science disciplines engaged in cross-national comparative studies, for those planning to embark on cross-national projects and for policy-makers interested in.
Comparative historical research is a method of social science that examines historical events in order to create explanations that are valid beyond a particular time and place, either by direct comparison to other historical events, theory building, or reference to the present day.
Comparative Research Methods. Linda Hantrais. Linda Hantrais is Director of the European Research Centre, Loughborough University.
She is convenor of the Cross-National Research Group and series editor of Cross-National Research calgaryrefugeehealth.com main focus of her research is cross-national theory, method and practice, particularly with reference to social policy.
The most cited papers from this title published in the last 3 years. Statistics are updated weekly using participating publisher data sourced exclusively from Crossref.Download